Phantoms in medicine: The case of ophthalmology
Physical and in-silico phantoms have revealed extremely useful in the development of new surgical techniques and medical devices and for training purposes. The fabrication of eye phantoms requires knowledge of anatomy and physical principles beyond the eye physiology and medical instruments used in the clinical scenario. After a proper definition of phantoms and the discussion about their classification, the present work reviews the various phantoms developed in ophthalmology, illustrating the rationale of their design.
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