Phantoms in medicine: The case of ophthalmology

  • Carmelo De Maria | carmelo.demaria@unipi.it E. Piaggio Research Center, University of Pisa; Department of Information Engineering, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
  • Sara Iorio E. Piaggio Research Center, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
  • Francesca Montemurro E. Piaggio Research Center, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
  • Gabriele Maria Fortunato E. Piaggio Research Center, University of Pisa; Department of Information Engineering, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
  • Michela Ori Department of Biology, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
  • Vittoria Raffa Department of Biology, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
  • Giovanni Vozzi E. Piaggio Research Center, University of Pisa; Department of Information Engineering, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

Abstract

Physical and in-silico phantoms have revealed extremely useful in the development of new surgical techniques and medical devices and for training purposes. The fabrication of eye phantoms requires knowledge of anatomy and physical principles beyond the eye physiology and medical instruments used in the clinical scenario. After a proper definition of phantoms and the discussion about their classification, the present work reviews the various phantoms developed in ophthalmology, illustrating the rationale of their design.

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Published
2019-07-08
Info
Issue
Section
Reviews
Keywords:
Ocular phantom, Phantom classification, Imaging, Dosimetry, Surgical training, Pharmacokinetics
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  • PDF: 190
  • APPENDIX: 49
How to Cite
De Maria, C., Iorio, S., Montemurro, F., Fortunato, G. M., Ori, M., Raffa, V., & Vozzi, G. (2019). Phantoms in medicine: The case of ophthalmology. Biomedical Science and Engineering, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/bse.2019.61